PROBIOTICS AND DIARRHEA
15/07/2016 - Probiotics are microorganisms with beneficial effects that are soventemente used in the treatment or reduction of symptoms of diarrhea.
Probiotics are microorganisms with beneficial effects that are soventemente used in the treatment or reduction of symptoms of diarrhea. The probiotics group includes a wide range of bacteria but not all possess the same characteristics and the same efficacy; the most common are lactobacilli and bifidobacteria.
Probiotics intestine and diarreaI probiotics are bacteria or live yeast which, if introduced orally, modifying the balance of the bacterial physiological intestinal flora St.Patrick`s and entering into competition with any pathogens (bacteria, viruses and protozoa) of acute diarrhea responsible and / or chronic (secretory / inflammatory).
For secretory diarrhea / inflammatory means the inflammatory hypersecretion of water and electrolytes by the intestinal mucosa; The most important side effects of diarrhea are dehydration and malnutrition; diarrhea can be defined as acute or chronic depending on the persistence of symptoms (
Probiotics can be introduced as a drug, food supplement or in the form (at least a billion live and active bacteria per gram of product) and their effectiveness it depends on the ability to overcome or less free of the gastric tract, which is a physiological acid barrier against bacterial contamination. In this regard, medications and supplements of probiotics can be taken between meals effectively avoiding the lowering of gastric pH, but probiotic foods? These products, in addition to microorganisms, contains nutrients which stimulate the production of hydrochloric acid, which in turn could affect the survival of active enzymes. At the time, the foods containing probiotics NOT have demonstrated preventive or curative effects in the treatment of diarrhea.
Recent studies on the use of probiotics in the treatment of diarrhea have demonstrated its effectiveness; It shows an early pathological remission of about a day than the estimated average duration, with a 59% reduction in the risk of chronic. Also, it does not confer any adverse event or side following the administration of probiotics in the treatment of diarrhea. The study did not take into account: the differences between the various bacterial strains, joint action by different strains, the viability of the organisms, dosage of organisms, the causes of diarrhea, the severity of diarrhea and if the studies were conducted in developed countries or even developing.
Obviously, the effectiveness of probiotic therapy in the treatment of diarrhea depends on many factors; among these, the most important are undoubtedly the medical diagnosis (differential) and the choice of drug therapy to which assist probiotics and rehydration hydro-saline. The choice of a broad-spectrum antibiotic compared to another more specific influences significantly the survival of the probiotic or less, emphasizing or negating the therapeutic effect.